Stainless Steel 446 Round Bars

Mechanical And Thermal Properties Of Stainless Steel 446 Bars

Stainless steels are often considered as high alloy steels. Since they have more chromium, they have superior corrosion resistance as relatively to other steels. Stainless Steel is categorized into 3 types, based on their crystalline composition, i.e, Ferritic, Austenitic, and Martensitic, steels. Precipitation-hardened steels is the 4th category consisting of martensitic and ferritic steels.

The Stainless Steel 446 Round Bars is a ferritic, non heat treatment, stainless steel with a resistive element to rust and oxidative stress at high temperatures. This Ferritic stainless steel contains more than 23% chromium. The properties of these bars include, durability, high tensile strength, high ductility, flexibility at high temperatures, high hardness, and weldability. As compared to other ferritic stainless steel grades, 446 has a strong corrosion resistance. Due to its high resistance to thermal scaling and oxidation, SS 446 finds extensive use in applications where temperatures range from 800 to 1150°C. Machining operations on this material can be performed using rigid mounts and sharp tooling surfaces, albeit at slow speeds and with positive feeds.

Types of 446 Bars

Stainless Steel Grade 446 bars come in a variety of shapes and sizes, as do other grades and materials, such as:

  • Hex bars
  • Square bars
  • Rectangular bar
  • Flat bars
  • Bright bars
  • Forged bar

Mechanical Properties of Stainless Steel 446 Bars

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strengths: 550 MPa 79800 psi
Yield strength strains at 0.200%: 345 MPa 50000 psi
Elastic modulus: 200 GPA 29000 ksi
Poisson’s ratio: 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elongation at break: 20% 20%
Hardness, Brinell determined from Rockwell B: 159 159
Hardness, Knop determined from Rockwell B: 173 173
Hardness, Rockwell A determined from Rockwell B: 51.1 51.1
Hardness, Rockwell B: 83% 83%
Hardness, Vickers determined from Rockwell B: 159 159

 

Thermal Properties of 446 SS Bars

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion co-efficient 0 to 100 ° C / (32-212°F) 10.4 µm/m° C 5.78 µin/in°F
Thermal conductivity 21.6 W/mK 150 (btu) in/ft².°F

 

446 Stainless Steel Bars are applicable in the following

  • The automobile industry utilizes these stainless steel bars to manufacture bolts, nuts, and shafts.
  • Industries employ SS 446 bars for heavy and large-scale engineering purposes.
  • Textile industry also use these 446 bars in huge machinery
  • 446 Stainless Steel bright bar are used for Electric pumps and motors
  • SS 446 bars are seen on a wide scale in railway engines and coaches.
  • These round bar are used for making arms and ammunition
  • For Manufacturing gears, bearings, and hinges etc
  • Stainless Steel 446 Round Bar used to produce Cold related components
ss-310-sheets

3 Common Mistakes Made When Handling Stainless Steel

Producing components with stainless steel is a smart choice for durability and product longevity because of its natural oxide protection layer. However, warping, corrosion, or even metallurgical changes can occur if best practices are not used.

Metalworkers new to stainless, as well as experienced welders and fabricators in a hurry, must pay careful attention to correct stainless steel handling methods and processes to protect the metal’s durability to hold the finished product in-spec.

Find out why introducing surface pollutants is one of the riskiest mistakes in stainless steel handling and how to prevent this and other mistakes during stainless steel fabrication.

Metallurgical Changes

How it happens:

Since stainless steel has a lower thermal diffusivity (4.2 mm2/s) than most metals, the Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) during the welding or thermal cutting process is greater.

This can result in a grade change (austenitic stainless steel being martensitic, more brittle and harder) or heated metal weakening.

Cutting Options:

In his article on the Heat Affected Zone, the four methods of cutting and the considerations to consider while using them during stainless steel fabrication are discussed.

Shearing, manual cutting, and waterjet cutting do not produce a Heat Affected Zone because they do not overheat the sheet metal.

Since it spreads heat to a relatively small area, laser cutting has the lowest HAZ among any other thermal cutting technique.

Since a plasma pulse is wider than a laser wave, it produces an intermediate HAZ. Higher currents make for faster cutting, minimizing exposure time and the width of the Heat Affected Zone.

Because of the extreme fire, sluggish motion, and wide flames, oxyacetylene cutting has the widest HAZ of any thermal cutting system.

Weld Decay:

Welding can cause chromium depletion in the base metal around the weld due to intense concentrated heat. Because of this change in the metal, it is more prone to corrosion. ASM International released a paper outlining these stainless steel sensitization control options.

A post-weld high-temperature anneal and quench to redissolve the chromium at grain boundaries to prevent the formation of chromium carbide on cooling.

To avoid carbide forming, use a low-carbon stainless steel grade (e.g., 304L or 316L). A stabilized stainless steel containing titanium (alloy 321) or niobium (alloy 327), which preferentially form carbides and leave chromium in solution. A high-chromium alloy (e.g., 301ln plates)

Distortion

How it happens:

Because of its poor thermal conductivity and high expansion rate, stainless steel is an easy target for distortion during welding.

Welding Tips:

Use the lowest allowable amperage without jeopardizing weld efficiency. Temperatures at the interpass can be regulated. Regulated tack welding, clamping jigs, or a copper backing plate should be used.

Introducing Surface Contaminants

How it happens:

As stainless steel comes into contact with iron filings and other chemical pollutants, The surface may be contaminated by grease on palms, chalk, and other objects introduced during handling. Both of these conditions can result in localized corrosion.

Avoiding Surface contamination:

Use a stainless steel grinding, mixing, and deburring abrasive.

Separate stainless steel abrasives from other abrasives used on various metals. Never use an abrasive that has previously been used on a different form of metal.

Separate stainless steel from carbon steel and other metals.

Keep stainless steel in its packaging and away from the elements for as long as possible.

Remove all transport adhesives from the stainless steel; these will harden and induce crevice corrosion on the job site.

Proper welding and cutting methods, knowledge of the HAZ, and commitment to proper quality management and anti-contamination. Procedures can result in a well-finished stainless steel product that meets specifications.

SS 409m plates

Guide to Choosing the Right Stainless Steel Grade

Stainless steel, which is best known for its corrosion resistance, is used in a wide range of applications. Because of the wide range of grades available, it can be used for a wide variety of applications across a wide range of industries. Having too many grades, however, necessitates the need to pick the best one for the job.

Here is a guide to consider when choosing a stainless steel grade:

  • Does it need to have good formability?
  • Does it need to be welded?
  • It does need to be machined?
  • What level and form of corrosion resistance is desired?
  • Does it need to be heat treated?
  • What are the physical requirements?

Does the stainless steel need to have good formability?

Avoid the martensitic category of stainless steel if the application demands strong formability. Try an austenitic grade like 304 or a ferritic grade like 430. Martensitic stainless steels, such as 410, are brittle and difficult to mold. When it comes to formable stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels are typically the better option.

Does the stainless steel need to be welded?

Welding stainless steel differs greatly from welding carbon steel which can result in problems such as intergranular corrosion, hot cracking, and stress corrosion cracking. Austenitic stainless steels are usually the most weldable. Grades such as 304L or 347 can be used for welding austenitic stainless steel. Grade 304L contains less carbon, whereas 347 contains niobium stabilizers, which help to prevent intergranular corrosion. Welding is also possible for ferritic stainless steels such as grade 430 or Stainless Steel 409m Plates, as well as Duplex stainless steels. Martensitic stainless steels are normally unsuitable for welding; however, some martensitic stainless steel grades with lower carbon content can be welded. When welding precipitation-hardened stainless steel, care should be taken to ensure that the original mechanical properties are not affected.

Does the stainless steel need to be machined?

When dealing with stainless steel, special precautions must be made if machining is needed. Most stainless steel grades can be machined; nevertheless, stainless steel is highly vulnerable to work hardening. The machining process must be optimized to work at a pace that alleviates this problem, and the machining tools must also be maintained in good working conditions. Similar to carbon steel, sulfur can be added to improve machinability; grade 303 is an example of this. It is somewhat similar to grade 304 except for the addition of sulfur for machining purposes. Grade 416 is ferritic stainless steel with sulfur added.

What level and form of corrosion resistance is desired?

Stainless steel is commonly selected for its corrosion-resistant properties, although it is important to understand that different grades have varying degrees of corrosion resistance. Because of their high chromium content, austenitic stainless steels have the best corrosion resistance. When corrosion resistance is essential, grade 304 is an excellent option. Grade 316 is similar to grade 304, but it contains molybdenum as part of its chemical composition, which increases corrosion resistance. Ferritic and martensitic stainless steels are usually less expensive than austenitic stainless steels since they have less nickel and, in some cases, less chromium, which can result in a lack of corrosion resistance. Duplex stainless steels should be used to prevent stress corrosion cracking, as is common in austenitic stainless steels.

Does the stainless steel need to be heat treated?

If the stainless steel is to be heat-treated, it is critical to understand how the different grades of stainless steel will be affected. When heat-treated, austenitic and ferritic stainless steels are generally non-hardenable. Heat-treatable stainless steels are usually martensitic or precipitation hardened. Grade 440C and 17-4 PH are two examples.

What are the physical requirements?

Martensitic stainless steels, such as grade 440C, and precipitation-hardened stainless steels, such as grades 17-4 PH and 15-5 PH, can reach exceptionally high strengths. Austenitic stainless steels, such as grade 316, can also have high strengths, but not to the same extent as martensitic grades. Austenitic stainless steels also have more nickel than other stainless steels, so 316 has better hardness and ductility than ferritic and martensitic stainless steels. Duplex stainless steels can have ferritic stainless steel properties while also having ductility and hardness similar to austenitic stainless steels.

Monel Tube Fitting

Advantages and Applications of Monel Tube Fittings

Monel Tube fittings are leak-tight and quick connections that are available in different types and materials for various industrial uses. These tube fittings have types such as union tee, union cross, Bulkhead union, male connector, male pipe weld connector, female connector, and many more. Monel Tube Fittings have different grades Monel 400, 401, 404, K500 and R405, etc. These grades are classified according to their chemical composition and features. It is a widely used nickel-based alloy for tube fittings that has a chemical composition of nickel, copper, manganese, iron, and other elements. This material offers excellent chemical and mechanical properties.

Advantages of Monel Tube Fittings

These tube fittings are easy to reassemble and disassemble which makes them easy to clean and handle. Monel Tube Fittings are popular in the industries for excellent corrosion resistance, robust structure, and higher durability features. These tube fittings offer higher resistance and strength in higher pressure and temperature conditions. Monel offers excellent weldability and machinability properties. This can be hardened using a cold working process.

These fittings offer tighter seals in applications that require lower pressure. They offer good resistance to alkalis, sulphuric and hydrofluoric acids. These tube fittings are highly malleable and ductile which makes them highly efficient even in aggressive conditions. These are also resistant to flowing seawater, steam, and other solutions. These tube fittings also offer outstanding resistivity to pitting, crevice corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking resistance in chloride solutions. These tube fittings are stronger and highly durable than other stainless steel tube fittings. They are highly flexible and have easy formability features.

Applications of Monel Tube Fittings

This product is widely used in pneumatic, hydraulic, and other applications due to its excellent strength and resistivity.  These tube fittings offer resistance to corrosion attacks in marine applications. These are used in valves, shafts, pumps, and other fittings in piping systems. These tube fittings are reliable for hydrocarbon and chemical processing industries. Along with these applications, Monel Tube Fittings are also suitable for industrial sectors such as oil and gas processing, heat exchangers, seawater equipment, power generation, petrochemical, and other sectors.

Duplex Stainless Steel

What is the Difference Between Duplex and Super Duplex Stainless Steel

Duplex and Super Duplex Stainless Steel is a highly demanded material in the industrial sectors. These materials are popular due to the chemical composition of 50% ferritic and 50% austenitic stainless steel. Due to this two-phase structure Duplex & Super Duplex Steel Pipes offers excellent benefits and increased strength than other grades. These materials are differentiated based on the different parameters.

Duplex Stainless Steel

Chemical Composition: Duplex Stainless steel has a unique combination of ferritic and austenitic materials with 22% chromium, 5-6 % nickel, and 3 % molybdenum. Due to this composition, this material offers higher fatigue strength and good corrosion resistance. Due to increased yield strength, Duplex Stainless Steel is used over other stainless steels. Duplex Stainless steel has lower nickel and molybdenum content compared to Super Duplex material.

Features: Duplex Stainless Steel offers excellent resistance to pitting, crevice corrosion, erosion, and stress corrosion cracking in severe chloride-containing environments. This feature makes Duplex Stainless steel a popular choice for many applications. It offers good weldability and formability features. It also offers very good ductility and higher mechanical strength to sustain in elevated pressure and temperature conditions efficiently. It is more cost-effective than other austenitic and ferritic stainless steel materials.

Applications:  The excellent yield strength makes it easy to create thinner sections of that offer weight savings. Due to this property, Duplex Stainless Steel is used in pressure vessels and structural applications. This offers excellent stress corrosion cracking resistance that makes it suitable for process plants and water tanks. Apart from this, Duplex Stainless Steel is used in many industries such as chemical equipment, heat exchanger, power generation, pharmaceutical, and petrochemical, etc.

Super Duplex Stainless Steel:

Chemical Composition: Super Duplex Stainless Steel has a chemical composition of 25% chromium, 7% nickel, and 4% molybdenum. The higher chromium and molybdenum content offers excellent resistive features and improved tensile strength.

Features: Super Duplex Stainless Steel has many features to offer such as excellent mechanical strength, weldability, easy fabrication, and cost-effectiveness. These properties make this material one of the popular choices in the industries. Super Duplex Stainless Steel has remarkable resistance to corrosion, oxidation, and erosion. Along with this, this material is resistant to pitting, stress corrosion, and crevice corrosion cracking.

Applications: Super Duplex Stainless Steel is reliable for diverse industrial sectors such as power plants, chemical industries, heat exchangers, boilers, and pressure vessels.

SS 446 Seamless Pipe

A Brief Overview on SS 446 Seamless Pipe

SS 446 Seamless pipe is a pipe without a weld joint and has uniform structure over the body. Due to this feature these pipes offer excellent strength to withstand high pressure and temperature conditions. It is a pipe that connected to other pipe without any joint. The seamless pipe is available in a diverse range of sizes, dimensions and specifications as per the industry requirements. SS 446 Seamless pipe is popularly used in the many industrial applications due to robust structure, excellent anti-corrosiveness, superior finish, higher durability and longer service life. These exceptional properties make these seamless pipes are widely reliable for the many engineering applications.  These seamless pipes are widely utilized to fabricate different pipe fittings such as elbows, bends and tees.  These pipe fittings perfectly fit in the many applications.

Features of SS 446 Seamless pipe:

SS 446 Seamless pipe has excellent chemical combination of ferritic stainless steel that offers exceptional strength and resistivity. This seamless pipe offers higher resistance to corrosion and high temperature oxidation in any corrosive conditions. These pipes are non-heat treatable. Due to higher chromium content SS 446 Seamless pipe offers excellent resistance and mechanical strength even in hostile conditions. The seamless pipe is easily welded using the traditional processes except oxyacetylene.  SS 446 Seamless pipe offer excellent resistivity to many acidic, alkalis and reducing media. Apart from this, this seamless pipes offer resistance to pitting, stress corrosion cracking and crevice corrosion.  SS 446 Seamless pipe are easily withstand in higher mechanical stress due to the exceptional chemical composition. This pipe possess higher operating pressure than other pipes. This pipe has many benefits such as low maintenance, higher durability, flexibility, and longer service life.  The excellent toughness of seamless pipes make it sustainable in harsh conditions.

Uses of SS 446 Seamless pipe:

SS 446 Seamless pipe is efficiently perform in higher pressure and temperature conditions. Due to this feature, this seamless pipe is widely reliable to use in the high pressure applications such as hydrocarbon industries, oil and gas processing, hydraulic cylinders, and refineries. Apart from this, SS 446 Seamless pipe is used in diverse industrial sectors such as petrochemical, chemical, power generation, automotive, mechanical industry, bearing and many more. Due to the cost effectiveness and easy installation, this seamless pipe has become an ideal choice for many industries. SS 446 Seamless pipe withstand its own weight and heavy load, so it is widely used in many commercial applications. These applications include, offshore rings, ship building, and pressure vessels.

Stainless Steel 310S Fasteners

Types of 310S Fasteners

Stainless steel 310 grade is a carbon-containing austenitic stainless steel. Besides carbon, the material consists of another element such as Chromium and Nickel. These two elements make fasteners highly resistant to corrosion and oxidation processes. Various types of 310S fasteners can work in an environment containing the presence of reducing agents such as hydrogen, sulphur, etc. Also, 310S fasteners can work efficiently in stress cracking and corrosive environment. 310S fasteners also show likeliness to serve well in high-temperature conditions such as furnace operations, heat treatment parts, and condensers.

There are various types of 310S Fasteners, and that includes the following:

Stainless Steel 310S Bolts 

These are multiple types of 310S Fasteners, and Stainless Steel 310S Bolts is one among them. The product length ranges from 3mm to 200mm. The product size varies from a few inches to 2 inches and also undergoes customization. These bolts contain various carbon, manganese, silicon, sulfur, and phosphorous elements along with a combination of chromium and nickel. The product shows good yield and tensile strength.

Stainless Steel 310S Hex Nuts 

These types of fasteners are useful in heavy load carrying applications. The product has good hardness and available in various dimensions, types, and lengths. These Stainless Steel 310S Hex Nuts holds high strength dur to the defined composition of carbon.

Stainless Steel 310 / 310S Washers

These are the products obtained by adding various elements such as molybdenum, chromium, nickel and boron. These elements allow washers to work at high-temperature range and hardness. Besides, these stainless steel 310/310S washers are durable with mechanical strength.

Stainless Steel 310 / 310S Screws

These products are capable of working in reducing sulphur containing conditions. Besides these, fasteners offer corrosion resistance and stress cracking ability. Such features allow these screws to work in furnace parts and high temperature requiring conditions.

Stainless Steel 310 / 310S Stud Bolt

These are the products with higher oxidation resistance and corrosion as well. Stud bolts quickly braked into various components and useful for the industries, architecture, and transportation. These SS 310/310S stud bolts are sound infiltration systems and troughs as well. Here, 310 stainless steel stud bolts are available in various sizes and support processing due to its outstanding welding capacity. Here, these stud bolts are free from post-annealing procedures. It does not require significant maintenance and easily cleaned.

Duplex Stainless Steel

Importance Feature of Duplex Stainless Steel

Duplex stainless steel is ferritic-austenitic steels which contain high levels of chromium and nitrogen. These materials make them highly resistant to localized and uniform corrosion. Duplex stainless steel offers excellent resistance against crevice and pitting corrosion. It has adequate strength and weldability. This type of stainless steel has low thermal expansion which makes them the right choice for applications that involves extreme temperature variations.

There are a few essential features of Duplex Stainless Steel such as:

  • Strength: Super Duplex Steel S31803 Tubes have almost doubled strength than conventional ferritic or austenitic stainless steels. This excellent strength makes it perfect for manufacturing widely demanded industrial products.
  • Ductility: It has significantly better ductility and toughness than ferritic grades; however. Because of its toughness, Duplex Stainless Steel is used in high-pressure applications in many industrial sectors.
  • Fabrication and welding: Duplex Steel can be easily welded and is also convenient for the fabrication process. This makes it cheaper than other stainless steel materials.
  • Corrosion resistance: Corrosion resistance property depends on the composition of materials. Duplex Steel has molybdenum, chromium, and nitrogen which make it stronger to resist pitting and crevice corrosion.
  • Stress corrosion cracking resistance: Duplex stainless steels have better stress corrosion cracking resistance ability which is acquired from the ferritic side. This ability is making it sturdier and more durable.
  • Cost: Duplex stainless steels contain lower nickel and molybdenum. Because of cheaper alloying materials, duplex stainless steel is more economical in price. It is widely available in different grades and alloying combinations which makes it convenient to choose for fabrication.

Apart from all these essential features, Duplex Stainless Steel has many standard features such as it has excellent strength and being very difficult to break. Hence it is used in several complicated applications. It has an incredible tensile strength which makes it superior in all types of standard steels. Its elastic limit is twice that of other types of steel like austenitic. Duplex Stainless Steel has high mechanical strength, higher tenacity than that ferritic steel, low thermal expansion, excellent hardness, suitable for heat treatment, superior workability, and perfect weldability than ferritic steel. All these features make Duplex Stainless Steel a more useful and selective material.

Stainless Steel Fasteners

Different Grades of Stainless Steel Fasteners Explained

For improved corrosion characteristics, stainless steel is an alloy of low carbon steel and chromium. Stainless steel is for the price, highly corrosion resistant. As the anti-corrosive properties of the metal are intrinsic, if scratched during installation or use, it will not lose this resistance.

That stainless steel is stronger than standard steel is a common misconception. Many stainless steel alloys cannot be hardened by heat treatment due to their low carbon content. Therefore the stainless alloys used in bolts are marginally stronger than un-hardened steel relative to ordinary steel but considerably weaker than hardened steel fasteners. Stainless fasteners are prone to seizing up during installation, a condition known as galling unless great care is taken. While some grades are slightly magnetic, most stainless steel fasteners are much less magnetic than standard steel fasteners.

What are the different grades of Stainless Steel Fasteners?

 18-8 Stainless Steel Fastener

304-grade stainless steel, which is the most commonly used and versatile austenitic type of stainless steel, is 18/8 stainless steel. The 18/8 numbers reflect the 18 percent chromium and 8 percent nickel composition of this steel, making it very resistant to corrosion and oxidation. 18/8 stainless steel is also very durable and can easily be made. It is quick to clean the metal and it is available in several appearances and finishes.

Stainless Steel 316 Fastener

The 316 grade is a molybdenum-bearing austenitic stainless steel that contains 8% nickel, 18% chromium, and 2-3% molybdenum. The higher nickel and molybdenum content enables this grade to display better overall corrosion resistant properties which are particularly true in chloride environments in pitting and crevice corrosion. Moreover, Alloy 316 offers outstanding strengths of high temperature tensile and stress rupture, as well as outstanding weldability. Like 316 stainless steel screws, 316 stainless steel washers, and 316 stainless steel nuts, Fastener Solutions offers this alloy grade.

 Stainless Steel 410 Fastener

SS 410 Fasteners are used where the ideal stiffness, air or furnace cooling is tempered. Furthermore, the tempering of our Alloy 410 Fasteners in the 750 Degree F-1050 Degree F range results in reduced impact strength and slightly decreased corrosion resistance. For petroleum fractionating systems, bolts, screws, bushings and nuts, shafts, pumps and valves, gas turbines, mine ladder rungs, and so on, these Grade 410 fasteners are also used.

In both the annealed and hardened settings, our Type 410 Fasteners are magnetic and are typically used for applications involving mild corrosion, high strength, and heat resistance. Slow regulated cooling from 1500 degrees F / 1600 degrees F for solution annealing and heat to 1700 degrees F / 1850 degrees F for hardening of AISI 410 fasteners, after quenching in air or oil. By all standard methods, the 410 Stainless Steel Fasteners are readily welded, where post-weld annealing is recommended to ensure optimum ductility.

Stainless Steel Fasteners

What Are the Varying Grades of Stainless Steel Fasteners?

Stainless steel is a low carbon steel and chromium content but offers high corrosion resistance. Stainless steel, because of its stability, strength and anti-corrosive and high heat properties, is one of the most popular materials used for fasteners. A flexible, economical alloy benefits from the combination of steel strength with its superior anti-corrosion and heat-resistance properties.

You will find the following types while looking for robust and effective grades of stainless steel fasteners in the market.

Grade 18-8

The Stainless Steel 18-8 grade is also referred to as 304 SS for their chemical composition is same in both 18-8 & 304 Stainless Steel. As the name suggests, the grade 18-8 consists of 18% chromium, and 8% nickel which makes it an excellent resistance to corrosion. When it comes to 304 grade, it is splitted into two grades, which are 304L and 304H depending upon their carbon content. Again as the name denotes, 304H is high carbon grade and 304L is a low carbon grade. The Stainless Steel 304 or 18-8 stainless steel has high corrosion resistance, is stronger than mild steels and has less heat sensitivity than 302 grade.

Grade 316

 The composition of the alloy is one of the reasons that the Type 316 Stainless Steel Fasteners have stronger mechanical and physical properties. Stainless Steel Fasteners Grade 316 are intended for applications under harsh environmental conditions. These industries therefore need better protection and an improved resistance to corrosion provided by the stainless steel series of 300 grades.

Grade 304 (18-8)

Grade 304 possesses an excellent combination of corrosion resistance, strength and fabricability. Stainless Steel Fasteners of this grade are being extensively used in almost every industry today.

Grade 304 is suitable for use in sinks, table tops, urns, stoves and various appliances because of its tolerance to food, inorganic chemicals and most organic chemicals. In the brewing and food processing industries, fasteners of this type are also used.

We provide top quality Stainless Steel and marine grade fasteners in the world of steel. Our 18-8, 304 or 316 grade stainless steel fasteners offer exceptional durability and best quality. We hope this article was helpful to you to understand the different grades of Stainless Steel fasteners.